Prime minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who was the first French Canadian prime minister and who held the longest unbroken tenure as PM, was born at St-Lin, Canada East.
1995Mulroney Sues Government
Former prime minister Brian Mulroney filed a lawsuit against the Canadian government for accusing him of taking bribes in the purchase of the European-made Airbus planes by his Conservative government.
1892Birth of Bert Collip
Biochemist Bert Collip, who codiscovered insulin was born at Belleville, Ont.
1976"The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald”
Just over a year after the iron freighter the SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank during a gale on Lake Superior, 27 kilometres from Whitefish Bay, Gordon Lightfoot's single “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” peaked at #2 on the Billboard pop chart. The song memorialized the 29 men lost on the Edmund Fitzgerald.
1917Strachan Earns Victoria Cross
Actions by Lieutenant Harcus Strachan of the Fort Garry Horse, C.E.F. at Masnieres, France, earned him the Victoria Cross.
1863Death of Lord Elgin
Colonial administrator James Bruce, Earl of Elgin, died in Dharamshala, India. Appointed Governor General in 1846 amidst the struggle for responsible government in Canada, Elgin believed the system was the best path toward political stability in the Province of Canada. In 1848, Elgin authorized the formation of the first truly responsible government in Canada.
1812First Battle of Lacolle Mills
A small garrison of Canadian Voltigeurs and Mohawk warriors defended the Lacolle Mills Blockhouse near the village of Lacolle, Québec, from American troops under Major-General Dearborn.
1942Alaska Highway Opens
The Alaska Highway, which winds across 2,451 km of mountain wilderness from Dawson Creek to Fairbanks, Alaska, was opened to military traffic.
1979Antonine Maillet wins Prix Goncourt
For her novel Pélagie-la-Charrette, Acadian writer Antonine Maillet became the first non-French citizen to win France's most prestigious literary prize, the Prix Goncourt.