John George Diefenbaker was elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party.
2006Stelmach Sworn In
Ed Stelmach was officially sworn in as the new premier of Alberta, replacing out-going premier Ralph Klein.
1992Lewis Becomes World Champ
Former Canadian (British-born) Lennox Lewis became the first British world heavyweight boxing champion when Riddick Bowe was stripped of the title.
Patriote leader Jean-Olivier Chénier was killed in combat at St-Eustache.
1927Death of E.A.H. Alderson
E.A.H. Alderson, first commanding officer of the 1st Canadian Division (October 1914–September 1915) and of the Canadian Corps (September 1915–May 1916), died in Lowestoft, England.
1945Canadian Prisoners Shot
Nazi general Kurt Meyer personally gave orders for Canadian prisoners of war to be shot.
PM Pearson announced his resignation as leader of the Liberal Party.
1855Birth of William Brymner
Painter William Brymner, who is remembered as Canada's first great art teacher, was born at Greenock, Scot.
1954Birth of Stephen MacLean
Astronaut Stephen MacLean, who became the third Canadian to fly in space and who tested a new computerized TV system for controlling the operations of Canadarm, was born at Ottawa.
1943Triquet Awarded Victoria Cross
Major Paul Triquet, Royal 22nd Regiment, was awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry in Italy.
2000<i>St. Roch II</i> Arrives in Victoria
The St. Roch II arrived in Victoria, BC, after repeating the historic trip of its predecessor, the St. Roch, which in 1944 became the first ship to traverse the Northwest Passage.
1999Algerian Terrorist Stopped at US Border
US customs officials arrested an Algerian-born man, named Ahmed Ressam, entering the US from Canada at Port Angeles, Washington. He was headed for Los Angeles International Airport, where he planned to blow up a terminal on New Year's Eve.
Yoho National Park in BC was established.
1892Death of Sir Adams George Archibald
Sir Adams George Archibald, one of Canada’s Fathers of Confederation, died in Truro, Nova Scotia. Archibald was a long-serving politician. On Sir John A. Macdonald’s recommendation, he was named Manitoba’s lieutenant-governor in 1870. Archibald was involved in negotiating the first treaties with Aboriginal peoples in western Canada.
1807Birth of Sir Francis Hincks
Politician and journalist Sir Francis Hincks was born in Cork, Ireland. A proponent of responsible government, Hincks believed that a newspaper could promote the cause. The Toronto Examiner was established in 1838 for this purpose. The drive for responsible government was the main editorial theme during Hincks’ tenure with the paper.
1837Battle of St-Eustache
Sir John Colborne captured St-Eustache after fierce resistance by the Patriotes during the Lower Canada Rebellion.
1961First Woman Elected to the National Assembly of Québec
The Vancouver Bach Choir, the longest-lived community choir in BC, gave its first concert, the BC premiere of Bach's Christmas Oratorio.
1996Death of Gaston Miron
Poet Gaston Miron died at Montreal. The first publication of his collection Lhomme rapaillé (1970) was the first of 7 editions, as he refined his craft. The official version was completed just before his death. The internationally acclaimed book was a stepping stone for Québec poetry.