The great Cree chief Crowfoot died at Blackfoot Crossing. He was a perceptive, farseeing and diplomatic leader who became disillusioned with the Canadian government.
1967Armed Forces Unified
The House of Commons passed an Act combining the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force into a unified service known as the Canadian Armed Forces.
1923Birth of Melissa Hayden
Ballerina Melissa Hayden was born at Toronto, Ont.
1940Québec Women Get Vote
Québec women were the last in Canada to earn the rights to vote and run for office in provincial elections.
1806US Neutrality Violated
The HMS Leander fired on the American merchantman Richard in an effort to stop it for inspection, killing an American seaman.
1849Parliament Buildings Burned
The Parliament Buildings in Montréal were burned down in riots protesting Lord Elgin's signing of the Rebellion Losses Bill. The seat of government was removed from Montréal and the Parliament met alternatively in Toronto and Québec City.
1858Fraser River Gold Rush
The first wave of miners from California arrived at Victoria, en route to the Fraser River Gold Rush. The Gold Rush caused a precipitous decline in the Native population and politically unified British Columbia.
1849Rebellion Losses Bill
Lord Elgin gave assent to the Rebellion Losses Bill, in effect the first acceptance of the principle of responsible government, over violent Tory opposition. A Tory-inspired mob burned the Parliament buildings that day.
1898Birth of John Grierson
John Grierson, film producer and founder of the National Film Board, was born at Deanston, Scot.
2015Death of Jim Fanning
Former Expos general manager and Blue Jays ambassador Jim Fanning died at age 87 in London, ON. Born in Chicago, Fanning became the Expos' GM in 1968 and devoted much of his six-decade career to major-league baseball in Canada. He was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2000 and became a Canadian citizen in 2012.
1903Jewish Education Rights (Québec)
The Québec legislature adopted legislation requiring Jews to pay their taxes to the Protestant schools panel and granting them education rights equal to those of Protestants. In 1928, the Privy Council ruled that the 1903 Act was ultra vires (beyond legal authority).
2014Supreme Court Rules on Senate Reform
In response to changes proposed by the Harper government, Canada's top court decided that Parliament cannot unilaterally make fundamental changes to the Senate. It ruled that abolishing this long-standing political institution would require consent from all the provinces, while introducing new term limits or elections for Senators would require consent from seven provinces representing half the population.
1851PEI Gets Responsible Government
PEI obtained responsible government, with George Coles as premier.